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Jung and Neumann


Erich Neumann: The Roots of Jewish Consciousness

ed. Ann Lammers, translator Mark Kyburz

to be published in a two-volume set by Routledge 



 With the publication in 2015 of the important correspondence between C.G. Jung and Erich Neumann (edited by Martin Liebscher), there has been something of a Neumann renaissance. A major international conference was held in 2015 at Kibbutz Shefayim, with participants from more than 25 countries, and in 2016 a conference was held at the Pacifica Institute in California. Neumann’s slim but brilliant book, Jacob and Esau: On the collective symbolism of the brother motif, was recently published by Chiron in collaboration with Recollections. The Shefayim lectures, with additional contributions, has also been published by Chiron/Recollections in a volume edited by Erel Shalit and Murray Stein, Turbulent Times, Creative Minds: The relationship between Erich Neumann and C.G. Jung.


Ann Conrad Lammers


Soon, in late 2018 or early 2019, Routledge will publish Neumann’s major treatise on The Roots of Jewish Consciousness in an impressive two-volume set (Volume 1 on the psychological significance of revelation, Volume 2 on Hasidism), edited by Ann Lammers, and translated by Mark Kyburz with Ann Lammers. This work, written between 1934 and 1945 but never published, is a treasure trove, a wealth of pearls. Although Neumann mined its themes in several of his Eranos lectures, the work as a whole holds a unique place in his opus.

Further announcements will be posted as the work of translation and editing progresses, but here is a taste of Neumann’s writing:

... for Hasidism the world consists of a great, diffusely distributed creative nothingness, whose points of concentration, in varying degrees of power, reshape and form this unformed energy and cause it to shine. These points of concentration are the world's individuals, created in the tzimtzum, having a smaller and greater circumference and varying energy charge. They can also diminish or increase the extent and intensity of their radiance, depending on the level they attain, that is, their ability to enter into contact with divine nothingness.



The Jung Neumann Conference, Kibbutz Shefayim, April 24-26, 2015




Read more about the conference, and see a gallery of pictures


Links to blog posts

A report from the Jung Neumann Conference, April 24-26, at kibbutz Shefayim

Jung Neumann Conference - THANK YOU ALL!!!!

עופר אדרת: צלה של הנפש היהודית - על ההתכתבות יונג נוימן

The Jung-Neumann Conference, April 24-26

Jung at heart by Aviva Lori

more blogposts pertaining to Jung and Neumann at bottom of this page


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Symposium at Pacifica "Creative Minds in Dialogue", June 24-26, 2016

Pictures from the Symposium "Creative Minds in Dialogue"

The symposium was held June 24-26, 2016 at Pacifica Institute in Santa Barbara, featuring internationally acclaimed speakers, including Riccardo Bernardini, Lionel Corbett, Nancy Furlotti, Ann Lammers, Lance Owens, Rina Porat, Susan Rowland, Erel Shalit, Evan Lansing Smith, Murray Stein and Steve Zemmelman.

Here are some photo-memories. Photos by Amy Katz, courtesy of Pacifica Graduate Institute.



                                                                                                                              Speakers at the symposium


The symposium celebrated the unique contributions of Jung and Neumann, with original presentations on topics ranging from creativity, art, Jung/Neumann and their impact on culture and the post-modern world, to anima and the great mother, and God, good and evil.

Erel Shalit


                                           Ann Lammers                                                                Joe Cambray


Lance Owens and Rina Porat


Evans Lans Smith


Lionel Corbett


Nancy Furlotti


Neumann Paintings

Riccardo Bernardini

Steve Aizenstadt


Erel Shalit
Heidi Townshend


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Creative Minds in Dialogue - Program

  Friday, June 24, 2016


9:00am – 10:00am

Pre-Symposium Workshop

10:00am – Noon                     Freeing the Feminine: Exploring Creativity and Gender in the Shadow of the Great Mother with Neumann and Jung

  • Susan Rowland, Ph.D.

Noon – 1:30pm                       Luncheon

1:30pm – 4:00pm                    Gynetypes and the Goddess: Archetypal Images of the Divine Feminine

  • Evans Lansing Smith, Ph.D.

4:00pm – 5:00pm                    Break/Refreshments in Bookstore

5:00pm – 6:00pm                    Dinner


6:00pm – 6:30pm                  


  • Steve Aizenstat, Ph.D.
  • Joe Cambray, Ph.D.
  • Erel Shalit, Ph.D.

6:30pm – 7:10pm      

Soulful Companions: A Profound and Honest Friendship

  • Nancy Swift Furlotti, Ph.D.

7:10 – 7:25PM                        Discussion with participants

7:25pm – 7:40pm                    Break

7:40 – 8:30pm                       

Jung and Neumann at Eranos: Psychologies, Myths, and Utopias of a Spiritual Earth

  • Riccardo Bernardini, Ph.D.

8:30pm – 8:45pm                   Discussion with participants

8:45 – 8:55pm                         Break

8:55 – 9:30pm

‘Eranos 1951’ – screening of film

  • Riccardo Bernardini, Ph.D.

9:30pm – 9:50pm                   Discussion with participants

9:50pm – 10:00pm                  Closing Remarks


Saturday, June 25, 2016

8:00am – 9:00am                    Breakfast

9:00am – 10:15am    

Jung and Neumann on Judaism and Religion – part I

  • Erel Shalit, Ph.D. – Jacob and Esau – from Jung’s discussion to Neumann’s book
  • Steve Zemmelman, Ph.D. - Inching Towards Wholeness: C.G. Jung and his Relationship to Judaism

10:15am – 10:30am   Discussion with participants

10:30am – 11:00am    Break

11:00am – 11:50am

Jung and Neumann on Judaism and Religion – part II

  • Ann Conrad Lammers, Div, Ph.D., LMFT – The risks of a direct encounter with God: A central Jungian problematic in Neumann’s The Roots of Jewish Consciousness.

11:50am – 12:15pm   Discussion with participants

12:15pm – 1:45pm                  Lunch

2:00pm – 3:30pm

The Feminine in Jung and Neumann

  • Rina Porat – The Psychology of the Feminine Archetype in C. G. Jung and E. Neumann
  • Lance Owens, M.D. – The Feminine in Jung and Neumann: Sophia and the Shekinah

3:30pm – 4:00pm                   Discussion with participants

4:00pm – 4:30pm                    Break

4:30pm – 5:45pm                   Book signing and reception

6:00pm – 7:10pm                    Dinner

7:15pm – 8:15pm                  

Jung and Neumann – Paintings from the Psyche

  • Nancy Swift Furlotti, Ph.D.

8:15pm – 8:50pm                   Discussion with participants

8:50pm – 9:00pm                   Concluding Remarks


Sunday, June 26, 2015

8:00am – 9:00am                    Breakfast

9:00am – 9:45am      

Erich Neumann on Psyche’s Creativity

  • Murray Stein, Ph.D. (By Skype)
  • Respondent: Joe Cambray, Ph.D.

9:45am – 10:00am                 Discussion with participants

10:00am – 10:15am                Break

10:15AM – 11:00AM

The cultural psyche – from the ancestors to the post-modern world

  • Erel Shalit, Ph.D.

11:00am – 11:15am   Discussion with participants

11:15AM – 12:00PM

God, Good and Evil - From a New Ethic to Answer to Job

  • Lionel Corbett, Ph.D.

12:00pm – 12:30pm   Discussion with participants

12:30pm – 2:00pm                  Lunch

2:00pm – 3:30pm

  • Late, last and forgotten thoughts – discussion with presenters and audience
    • Orienting remarks by Joe Cambray, Ph.D.

3:30pm – 4:00pm                   Concluding remarks

  • Chair Stephen Aizenstat, Ph.D.

5:30pm – 6:30pm                    Dinner

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Analytical Psychology in Exile: The Correspondence of C.G. Jung and Erich Neumann

edited and with an introduction by Martin Liebscher


C. G. Jung and Erich Neumann first met in 1933, at a seminar Jung was conducting in Berlin. Jung was fifty-seven years old and internationally acclaimed for his own brand of psychotherapy. Neumann, twenty-eight, had just finished his studies in medicine. The two men struck up a correspondence that would continue until Neumann's death in 1960. A lifelong Zionist, Neumann fled Nazi Germany with his family and settled in Palestine in 1934, where he would become the founding father of analytical psychology in the future state of Israel.

Presented here in English for the first time are letters that provide a rare look at the development of Jung’s psychological theories from the 1930s onward as well as the emerging self-confidence of another towering twentieth-century intellectual who was often described as Jung’s most talented student. Neumann was one of the few correspondence partners of Jung’s who was able to challenge him intellectually and personally. These letters shed light on not only Jung’s political attitude toward Nazi Germany, his alleged anti-Semitism, and his psychological theory of fascism, but also his understanding of Jewish psychology and mysticism. They affirm Neumann’s importance as a leading psychologist of his time and paint a fascinating picture of the psychological impact of immigration on the German Jewish intellectuals who settled in Palestine and helped to create the state of Israel.

Featuring Martin Liebscher’s authoritative introduction and annotations, this volume documents one of the most important intellectual relationships in the history of analytical psychology.



Turbulent Times, Creative Minds

Erich Neumann and C.G. Jung in Relationship


This volume of essays by well-known Jungian analysts and scholars provides the most comprehensive comparison to date between the works of C.G. Jung and Erich Neumann. Reflections are based on their extensive correspondence recently published, their differing cultural backgrounds, and the turbulent times surrounding their personal and professional relationship. Among the many specific subjects discussed are Jung and Neumann on art and religion, their views on the problem of evil, and clinical aspects of Neumann’s work. Also included are personal memories of both Jung and Neumann family members.

The book includes exclusive photos from Eranos, and several illustrations in color.

Read more


Jacob and Esau: On the Collective Symbolism of the Brother Motif 

Cover image from a silhouette by Meir Gur Arieh


Encouraged by Jung, in his book on the collective symbolism of the brother motif, Neumann began outlining ideas that he eventually would develop in some of his major works, such as Depth Psychology and a New Ethic. Neumann uses the story about Jacob and Esau to illustrate the polarities in the human soul, between introversion and extraversion, profane and sacred, the moon and the sun, both in Jewish tradition and universally, and the need to integrate the shadow, as illustrated in Jacob seeing both God’s face and his hostile brother in his struggle with the angel. In Jungian terms, we see the inevitable conjunctio of Self and Shadow. 

The book can be seen as a brilliant midrash, retelling and interpretation of the Biblical motif of the brothers.

Read more


Etching by Jacob Steinhardt


 The Jung Neumann Letters Conference: Erel Shalit and Murray Stein in Conversation


The correspondence between C.G. Jung and Erich Neumann, published more than fifty years after their deaths, has been a landmark event in the history of analytical psychology. Following a suggestion by Ulrich Hoerne, Jung's grandson, Erel Shalit organized and chaired the launch of the Correspondence at an international conference with attendees from more than twenty-five countries in kibbutz Shefayim, April 24-26, 2015.


Erel Shalit and Joseph Cambray in Conversation on Erich Neumann

Image result for erel shalit erich neumann

 In this fascinating conversation, Jungian analysts Erel Shalit and Joseph Cambray contemplate the work of Jung’s colleague and friend, Erich Neumann, a Jewish analyst who introduced analytical psychology to Israel when he fled there from Germany during the years surrounding World War II. Neumann wrote extensively on creativity, the feminine, and the roots of the Jewish spirit. The recent publication of the correspondence between Jung and Neumann has fueled a revival of sorts into Neumann’s works. Here, Shalit and Cambray discuss little known details about Neumann’s life and work, his motivations for writing, and his art work and paintings. “Neumann brings significant aspects well worth raising into our present consciousness,” Shalit suggests, “concepts, ideas, thoughts, notions that have universal value for our world today.”

Pacifica Graduate Institute hosted "Creative Minds in Dialogue: The Relationship between C. G. Jung and Erich Neumann,” a symposium in Santa Barbara, CA, June 24-26, 2016.



The Jung Neumann Letters Conference - an Interview with Malgorzata Kalinowska

The Interview was conducted on the 26th of May 2015 in Kibbutz Shefayim, Israel (audio and transcript)


Links to blog posts

The Roots of Jewish Consciousness

Neumann at Eranos

Neumann on the Feminine

C. G. Jung and Erich Neumann: The Zaddik, Sophia, and the Shekinah, by Lance Owens


Erich Neumann:Jacob and Esau - on the collective symbolism of the brother motif

C. G. Jung and Erich Neumann: Paintings from the Psyche

Pictures from the Symposium "Creative Minds in Dialogue"

Paintings from the Psyche - Jung and Neumann

Creative Minds in Dialogue: the Relationship between C. G. Jung and Erich Neumann

The Psychoanalytic Relationship between Israel and Switzerland

Gershom Scholem: Obituary for Erich Neumann


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